What is Washing Machine From the rotary crank to the fully automatic with mite stop and steam smoothing: these are stations from laundry in the past to the modern washing machine today. The path from bone work to self-evidentness.
Whereas laundry used to be quite an elaborate and strenuous affair, today it only takes a few steps to clean – if desired even wrinkle-free – laundry.
You probably already know the 10 myths about laundry and the most important facts about washing and drying. But did you know that the first washing machine was invented by the Regensburg theologian J.C. Schäffer in 1767? He called it a “stir-wing machine” and with it triggered the unstoppable triumph of the washing machine.
What is Washing Machine: From The Past to The Present
The predecessor of today’s washing machines: the agitator wing machine from 1767. After numerous intermediate steps, the time had finally come in 1951: the first fully automated electric washing machine was launched on the market. The Constructa of the Düsseldorf manufacturer Peter Pfenningsberg consumed a proud 225 litres of water per wash (equivalent to about two full baths), cost a staggering 2280 marks (about 2/3 of the then average annual income) and weighed 600 kilograms. These values are unimaginable for us today. Almost everyone can afford a washing machine and even transport it alone at an average weight of just 60 – 70 kilograms.
So, after the program steps soaking, stirring, cooking, scrubbing, rinsing and slinging happen automatically, you think when choosing the new washing machine: do I need a top loader or front loader, which drum size is ideal for me, is there an eco-program or program for hand washing, can I save individual settings, are there additional functions such as steam smoothing, allergic-friendly washing or can I switch the device comfortably from the go? Our grandmothers were also able to fantasize about combination appliances such as the washer dryer in their wildest dreams.
Apart from the helpful additional functions, the question of the efficiency of a washing machine remains the most important question today before the new acquisition. Modern washing machines of energy class A+++ offer the greatest savings in electricity, and also in costs when water consumption is low. On average, all today’s devices require about 1/3 less water per wash (caution: water consumption varies slightly depending on the manufacturer) and almost twice as little electricity as their 30-year-old predecessors. With the help of savings programs such as “half loading” or automatic quantity, you can additionally regulate the energy and water consumption.
This is How Much Energy a Washing Machine Consumes on Average:
This is how much energy a washing machine consumes on average by age. Irrespective of the improved performance of modern washing machines, our washing behaviour also changed in the last century. Above all, increasing hygiene requirements and fuller wardrobes contribute significantly to the fact that we wash more often. How you achieve the best washing result with your washing machine is also a question of the correct dosage of detergent.
The annual consumption of electricity and water is determined on the basis of 220 wash cycles per year. 60 and 40-degree programs are taken into account for full and partial loading. New devices with a capacity of six to eight kilograms consume about 8,500 to 12,000 litres per year.