Dark spots on the skin or hyperpigmentation appear when in various skin areas, a greater amount of melanin occurs than usual. Melanin is the substance responsible for colouring your eyes, hair and skin.
Skin spots on their own should not be a cause for concern and at the pathological level should not require treatment, although it is true that they can pose an aesthetic problem or even become physical in the most extreme cases.
In this article, I would love to take an in-depth look at the various causes responsible for causing skin blemishes while showing you various methods to remedy them.
How to recognize spots on the skin
The skin spots can be easily recognized, as their colour range usually ranges from a light brown to a dark brown tone. Its tone is related to the skin tone of each person.
They are usually characterized by having the same texture as the skin itself and not being painful to the touch. They usually tend to appear in the following areas of the body:
- Back of your hands.
- Outer shoulders.
Causes that cause spots on the skin
Spots can develop on the body and appear from one moment to the next. Here are the most common causes for which they occur.
Sun-in spoked spots
Anyone may develop spots on the skin after a prolonged or irregular period of sun exposure.
The most susceptible areas are usually the face, hands and arms, so it is advisable to protect yourself, especially to prevent it.
Spots caused by hormonal changes
The most common cause is melasma, a skin alteration recognized by the sudden appearance of small facial discolouration points. This alteration can occur in women and men alike.
However, it is usually widespread in pregnant women, which causes greater sensitivity to sun exposure at the hormonal level, so if this is the case, don’t panic! It is temporary, and its treatment is straightforward.
Stains caused by medication use
Certain types of drugs can produce photosensitive effects to lead in certain people to an excess of pigmentation and, consequently, the possible appearance of spots.
The most common medications are usually anti-inflammatory drugs (ibuprofen), benzodiazepines (Lorazepam or Diazepam), or even some components that you can easily find in various cosmetics, such as retinol, known to be one of the most effective components to fight wrinkles and prevent their appearance.
Stains caused by inflammation
In this case, they are basically determined by genetic factors or because of specific diseases.
Therefore, this other of the most common causes is the appearance of spots produced by inflammatory processes typical of a pathology such as an acne, dermatitis, psoriasis, or rosacea.
It is also common for them to appear in cases of diabetic people. This is due to dermatological disorders caused by ups and downs in blood glucose levels and problems arising from poor or difficulty during clotting after causing or suffering a wound.
Spots caused by skin wounds
This is something that must have happened to you, or it will happen to you at some point in your life.
Who hasn’t suffered the unpleasant incident of cutting the cut with a knife, a broken glass, a burn for putting their hand where you shouldn’t… even the eaters caused by scratching you by the unbearable and infernal burning of a mosquito bite!
These types of spots are usually temporary and disappear on their own. It would help if you only let the healing process go as it touches and not expose them more than necessary to the sun.
Spots on the face. How to delete them?
A good dermatologist might suggest a diverse selection of cosmetic creams or procedures to attenuate stains. Maybe, even in certain cases, eliminate them.
Obviously, medical procedures are more expensive and much more invasive than cosmetic alternative. However, they are very effective if you need to eliminate the problem almost immediately in this first case.
The best treatment will always depend on the stains’ causes, their size and the specific area(s) of the body to be treated. A good dermatologist might recommend one of the following treatments for skin spots:
Several options are available. The most common laser alternative to treating dark spots is pulsed light. Pulsed light acts directly on melanin, specifically on hyperpigmented cells, favouring their destruction. As a result, the skin becomes more even, and the spots dim until they disappear.
It consists of using an abrasive device, applying it to the skin’s surface to remove the most superficial layers.
On the other hand, this treatment stimulates the natural production of collagen in the skin so that the skin ends up becoming more uniform and helps remove stains.
It consists of applying a wrap to the skin so that the surface of the skin is exfoliated. This stimulates the growth of new skin and helps in the removal of spots on the skin.
It is a procedure that involves applying controlled amounts of liquid nitrogen in localized areas to be treated in such a way that it freezes and weakens hyperpigmented cells. The result is firmer and more even skin and considerable attenuation of stains.
Illuminating or anti-burning creams
In certain cases, it is another of the best alternatives to consider. It is a method that works gradually and progressively, so the results are not appreciable until a few months after continued use.
In these cases, it would be advisable to use a good illuminating cream containing vitamin C or hydroquinone as the main active, very useful as depigmenting agents and used to treat, prevent and remove stains on the skin.
It is also proven that the use of anti-wrinkle creams is beneficial since, in many creams, we can find components such as hyaluronic acids or AHA acids, which are very effective as tensioners and firming of the face while helping to exfoliate and promote the regeneration and natural growth of the skin, avoiding the loss of liquid. Hence, it is ideal for treating stains on the skin.
In this article, you can find a list of anti-Manche creams, where you can choose the best option according to your specific needs.
Home and natural remedies
This should involve the addition or a small extra supplement, all in addition to a treatment recommended by a trusted dermatologist.
For example, the use of gels provided with aloe vera reduces melasma in pregnant women after continued use of about five weeks.
Home remedies to avoid
I recommend you be cautious when looking for information about home remedies recommended in the various Internet portals, as they could produce contradictory effects and, most importantly, their effectiveness has not been proven.
It would help if you got away from all the noise on the Internet that advertises homemade methods and dubious provenance. Many people I deal with every day still have in mind and are autoconvencid@s certain remedies that they have seen on certain pages or Internet portals, or because a friend, known or even family member has heard or read something and end up being contaminated by the noise and excess information that does not end up leading anywhere and does not become of any use.
A typical example is facial cleansing with lemon juice or apple cider vinegar. There is no study to support such treatments’ effectiveness, so please first and foremost make common sense first!
On the other hand, trying these types of treatments without medical supervision or recommended by professionals in the sector could result in a serious aggravation for your skin, so if you already suffer from this problem, be sure that you would have all the ballots that, almost certainly, it would end up getting worse.
However, certain natural ingredients could become an alternative to preparing a good cosmetic to help treat stains.
The most advisable way would be to consult with your family doctor or your trusted dermatologist, who, among other methods, will be able to find the specific causes responsible for the appearance of spots on the skin, in turn ruling out possible complications.
During diagnosis, the dermatologist usually performs a thorough examination on the skin, using a special ultraviolet lamp that points to dark spots so that they are fully traceable so that they can determine their specific origin, always accompanied by the hand of your medical history or history.
Anyone may be able to develop dark spots on the skin at any given time or situation. However, here are some of the most important factors to consider:
- Sun exposure.
- During pregnancy.
- Skin diseases: psoriasis, rosacea or dermatitis.
- Possible localized injuries or injuries.
- Use of certain medications.
How to prevent skin spots
It is not always possible to prevent the appearance of spots on the skin from its development origin.
For example, an increase in seborrhea due to hormonal change during adolescence may be the trigger for an acne problem, which will lead to its consequent appearance of spots.
Another example would be melasma during pregnancy, another situation we cannot predict.
Fortunately, you have several recommendations that will prevent you and help you largely treat skin spots’ appearance from the beginning.
RECOMMENDATIONS AND GOOD PRACTICES
- Use sun protection of at least SPF factor 30 during the day, even during cloudy days.
- Wear sunglasses and head protection (cap, hat) if you’re exposed to prolonged periods of sun exposure.
- Avoid periods of direct sun exposure from 11:00 a.m. to 4 p.m., where their intensity tends to be higher and more dangerous.
- Treat skin problems from the outs and out as acne or other derivatives could be before they get worse.
Don’t forget to check with your dermatologist.
Keep in mind that in most cases, dark spots on the skin aren’t usually dangerous in themselves. However, in certain cases, care should be paid and monitored very closely; it is common to give the difficulty of differentiating between a simple spot on the skin of a possible melanoma, which is a type of skin cancer.
In any case, if you have any doubt, do not hesitate at any time to consult with your trusted family doctor or dermatologist, who can help you orient much more in-depth and find the specific cause of the problem.
If this is the case, you must look and discuss with your doctor the following aspects related to possible spots on your skin:
- They manifest suddenly.
- They hurt or feel red or swollen.
- They ooze.
- They change colour or are irregularly sized.
All the information collected in this article has been collected, expanded, structured and tested according to my knowledge for years in the sector of beauty and personal aesthetics.
No one better than you or your trusted doctor knows your body and any changes or problems that may arise. With this guide, I intend to make my small contribution from a more objective point of view and delve into various aspects that I consider most important to help you locate, prevent, and find an effective treatment, whatever your case may be.
Here’s an interesting article that’s sure to be of interest to you to learn more about this problem from a medical and, of course, more professional point of view.