Who doesn’t love luxury gold jewellery? The rich play of light in the curves of lines and stylish design – before a beautiful accessory is difficult to resist. On this weakness, people try to earn scammers by selling people fake.
How not to throw money away? And how to check the ring at home?
HOW DO YOU FAKE GOLD?
Given people’s special attitude to gold and its value over the centuries, it is often forged. Scammers are trying to find the perfect way to give out cheap stuff for gold. Yes, so that even the most skilful look could not distinguish the pacifier from the jewel. The counterfeiting of gold rings today occurs in several ways. Let’s discuss the most common.
Gilding is used to shine the product. A thin layer of precious metal is put on the decoration. Such a coating not only has a decorative function but also protects against corrosion and tarnishing.
It is not difficult to distinguish a gold-plated product from a gold product. We need to pay attention to the presence of a sample. But it does not always confirm the authenticity of the product. For example, precious metal can only be a lock, and the rest is only covered with gilding.
Copper is often used to counterfeit gold rings, which is covered with a thin layer of gold. This is one of the most common methods of jewellery fraud. It is distinctive that such decoration weighs less than made of precious metal.
Alloys of non-precious metals
Rarely gold products are forged with the help of various alloys. In this case, gold is not used at all. The similarity to the precious metal is achieved due to certain proportions of the ligature composition:
- an alloy of copper and aluminium (given for yellow gold);
- Belgian: an alloy of iron, chromium and nickel (given for platinum);
- mosaic gold: copper and zinc alloy (given for red gold);
- Tombak is a common alloy in Turkey, China and Israel.
HOW TO CHECK THE RING FOR GOLD?
Everyman assumes that they are well versed in gold and its fakes. And immediately distinguish the precious metal from the pacifier. But they overestimate their capabilities. “Masters” of fakes do not stand still and improve the technology of creating cheap alloys similar to gold. Even an experienced jeweller has difficulty identifying counterfeiting. To do this, he uses a special reagent called “tetrachloroauric acid” or “chlorine gold.” It is an expensive drug that requires skill when using. Even so, it is impossible to talk about 100% authenticity. After all, such a check will determine only the composition of the top layer of the product. To check the “internal composition”, it will have to remove the top layer, which will ruin the decoration.
The most difficult nuance in the forgery of jewellery is testing. It used to be mechanical labour. The masters manually applied the necessary mark under a microscope. Today, the sample is applied with a laser. Given the high cost of this installation, the probability of finding fake jewellery with a high-quality laser label is difficult.
Many people often want to be sure that the ring corresponds to the stated sample and are interested in checking the gold sample at home. But it’s impossible. The sample directly indicates the amount of precious metal in the decoration (for example, the ring 585 samples should contain 58.5% pure gold. You can only find out the sample with the help of a specialist. And with the help of improvised means, you can establish only the authenticity of the product.
CHECKING GOLD AT HOME
Checking gold for a tooth
In historical films, the gold coin was bitten to check whether it was real or not. Gold is a soft metal. Therefore, from a strong bite on it will remain traces of teeth. However, if someone decides to check the ring or earrings in this way, he should be careful. On the product will remain noticeable dents, and it will lose its commercial appearance. But there is a nuance in this verification method – lead is also soft, so if the fake contains lead, it will also bend from the bite.
Checking gold ceramics
Damage the tested jewellery is a risk and at the same time, the method of verification, but it gives a chance to detect the gilding quickly. You need to take an uns covered ceramic plate and hold on it decoration easily clicking on it. If the product remains a gold strip – the product is real, black – fake.
Checking gold with a magnet
Many are interested in how to check the gold ring at home using a magnet. Let’s start with the fact that the usual magnet from the refrigerator will not suit. We need a more powerful product. It’s easy to identify a fake – just put a magnet to the product. If it is not attracted – it is gold, attracted – fake. But there is one caveat if the fake is made of a material that as well as precious metal does not respond to the magnet – you can confuse the fake with an expensive product. And then you need to use another way of checking.
Checking gold with iodine
One of the most common methods of authentication of a gold product is to grease it with iodine. But first, you need to clean off the top layer of jewellery. If the ring is checked, it is better to do it on the inside of the product. As the cleaned part of the decoration will remain on the product forever. If you anoint gold, it will not change colour, and the other material will darken.