Appearing in the kitchen, the bugs begin to destroy all food supplies; this happens very quickly. There are many food pests, but most of them are small in size, so it is pretty challenging to identify their presence. Minor bugs in the kitchen multiply rapidly; with an increase in the population, their company becomes noticeable. Spoiled products indicate this; in cereals or confectionery products, there are inclusions or through holes. Next, we will deal with the types of pests and ways to combat them.
Varieties of bugs
In the kitchen room, the following types of bugs are often found:
- white insects
- flour beetle
All these pests are tiny in size, but they multiply quickly and bring a lot of harm. Favourable conditions for the development of insects are considered to be temperatures in the range of 25-30 degrees and high humidity. Parasites feel good at lower temperatures of about 12-15 degrees.
The body size of this pest is not more than 3 millimetres; the bug has short antennae. The body of the insect is brown; the head is small. The problem lives in bulk foods such as starch, semolina or flour. Together with them, he enters the house and quickly spreads throughout the room. It is possible to determine a small khruchchak by the arrival of small mounds in flour or starch.
Red flour beetle
Such insects in the kitchen have the red colour of the body; their size does not exceed 2 millimetres. Unlike the previous pest, the antennae in the flour eater are pretty significant. Parasites appear in improperly stored foods when the humidity level exceeds 15%.
This is a minor bug of brown colour; the length of the body is up to 4 millimetres. His body is covered with tiny hairs. The insect is characterized by extraordinary gluttony and eats bread and cereals, flour products, beans, and peas. With improper storage, parasites can end up in a can of coffee or a pack of tea.
Several insects are tough to detect, but they multiply very quickly. After a while, they will appear on the countertop or window sill.
The weevil is considered one of the most common pests. He makes holes in pasta or cereals, eats flour. Often in the kitchen in an apartment or a private house penetrates barn weevil. It differs from its indoor relative with an elongated head. The pest has a dark brown colour of the body; its size does not exceed 4 millimetres. The insect does not know how to fly through underdeveloped wings.
How beetles enter the house
The primary way to enter the house is the transfer of beetles along with food. Most often, pests settle in cereals or flour. This can happen even during production, especially when the manufacturer does not comply with technical conditions or food storage rules.
Insects often appear in the kitchen after buying bulk cereals or other products. Pests can also affect new food if they were previously in an unclosed jar with spread buckwheat, rice, peas, or different grains.
If a dead bug is found on the surface of millet or flour, there were already bugs; they multiplied and crawled to look for new food. It is not recommended to use the affected products.
Reasons for appearance and principles of storage
In most cases, parasites gnaw on expired products. So buckwheat, pasta and rice are stored for 5-6 months; the shelf life is about a year. Oatmeal products can be stored for 7-8 months and polished rice for 1.5 years. Dried fruits, including nuts, are not recommended to be held in boxes along with flour and cereals.
The appearance and reproduction of pests contribute to high humidity in the room. Under favourable conditions, bugs multiply with high intensity; their presence will become noticeable after a few days. Parasites can be in the most unforeseen places. They can be seen in cat and dog food bags. Food for animals is stored in a dry place in sealed bags with clasps to prevent this from happening.
How to fight
Many homemakers wonder how to get rid of bugs in the kitchen after they penetrate the home. First, you need to check all cereals, bakery and flour products for the presence of parasites. Food reserves should be thrown away with severe damage, but if there are few insects, cereals can be tried to be saved. To do this, such actions are taken.
Exposure to high temperature
To destroy beetles allows temperature treatment; many insects die at negative temperature indicators in the range of -5 … -11 degrees. The best effect can be achieved at the lowest possible temperature parameters. In the summer, spoiled products are recommended to be placed in the freezer. In winter, flour, cereals, nuts and dried fruits are left for a few days on the balcony or the street, then taken to the house. High temperatures can also destroy parasites; with such processing, the products are placed in the oven, set at +50 … +60 degrees.
Treatment of furniture and other surfaces
At the preparatory stage, the kitchen set is cleaned of dust. Then all surfaces are wiped with a soapy solution. Next, a damp sponge is applied to the furniture vinegar solution.
You can escape from bugs if you take into account their behaviour and reproduction. Parasites have well-developed jaws, which allows them to gnaw even the most complex products, but they will not be able to climb into a glass jar covered with a lid or other sealed container. Pests often appear in cellophane bags or broken packaging, so pour cereals and flour into ceramic, glass, or tin containers. They must be kept tightly closed.
Please do not wait until insects appear in the kitchen; it is better to prevent their penetration, which will keep all products intact. All preventive actions are as follows:
- After buying cereals, flour and other bulk products, place them on a baking plate and heat in the oven for 30-40 minutes at a temperature of 50-60 degrees. Another way out of the situation will be to place food supplies in the freezer. Such measures will destroy insects, and their offspring will prevent their further reproduction.
- Each homemaker should periodically inspect the stocks for pests; if they are detected, take appropriate measures.
- Inside the kitchen cabinets, as well as on the drawers, repellents are laid. It can be garlic, lavender, wormwood, as well as bay leaf. Such funds can be put in sealed containers, which are used to store bulk products.
- Nuts and dried fruits can be the first in the way of pests, so they are placed on a separate shelf in the refrigerator. With a sufficient amount of space, the same operations are carried out with cereals.
- The hostess should periodically wipe the dust from the cabinets, treat their surface with vinegar solution.
- Carefully seal the gaps between the baseboards or cracks in the furniture (for this purpose, you can use putty). Pests often accumulate here. To destroy bugs, it is enough to treat the cracks with steam or spill boiling water.
These preventive techniques do not allow you to get rid of bugs altogether. To avoid the appearance of insects, do not stock up on food in large quantities. Buy drying, nuts and cereals for the week ahead – no more.
If parasites live in the kitchen for a long time, they can cause significant harm to products. Bugs often settle in nuts and cereals, make holes in the grain, eat flour, tea, coffee, some insects even grind tobacco. The type test determines the need for a certain type of foodThe type of test determines the need for a specific type of foodThe kind of pest determines the need for a specific type of food. The most common in the kitchen are marked moth, khruschak, weevil and grinder beetle. Slightly damaged products can be saved by influencing high or adverse temperatures; the rest are thrown away.