8 Most Common Refrigerator Problems And How To Fix Them

If you have a refrigerator at home, you must have faced one of these problems at least once in your life. Have you ever called for professional help, but all he did was maybe adjust the plug or change the thermostat settings? Have you ever wasted money on fixing common refrigerator problems that you could have done on your own?

If you have, then you are reading the right article. Today, we will discuss the most common refrigerator problems, their causes, and their solutions.


8 Common Refrigerator Problems And Their Solutions

1. The Fridge And Freezer Aren’t Cooling

Fridge Is Not Cooling

This is the most common problem, which also tends to be the one which has cost us a lot, mainly because we don’t know what to do. Not only do we spend a lot to fix this problem, but the food kept in the fridge also spoils, thus costing us more indirectly.

There are numerous reasons why the refrigerator does not cool, some of which we can solve. A few of these problems are listed below-

  • Power Outlet

The power outlet not functioning is one of the most common reasons the refrigerator might not be cooling. First, check if the fridge is plugged in properly; the light should turn on when the fridge door opens. If the refrigerator is not cooling even after this, then try plugging it into another outlet. If it starts to cool after this, then you solved your problem.

  • Thermostat Setting

Another most common problem is with the thermostat setting. Kids could have played around with the knob and switched the settings. So, try rotating it to a higher temperature, and if you hear a click sound, the thermostat is working correctly. If you don’t, you might have to use a multimeter to test the continuity in the voltage. The refrigerator won’t work effectively if the compressor or the motor does not get the proper voltage.

  • Condenser Coils

The primary function of a condenser coil is to dissipate the heat when the refrigerant passes through. But, with a dirty coil, heat will not be effectively released. Because of this, the fridge will spend more energy trying to cool down, which will directly affect our electricity bill. Clean the coils once in a while for proper function.

  • Condenser And Evaporator Fan Motor

The condenser fan motor takes in the air from the condenser coils and passes it to the compressor, while the evaporator fan motor passes the air to the evaporator coils. However, if the condenser or evaporator fan motor does not get enough voltage, it will stop working. Another reason it can stop working is when there are hindrances in the fan blade. Like the coils, they should also be properly cleaned. A noisy motor should be replaced too.

  • Door Gasket

If there is a gap between the gasket and the fridge cabin, then you need to get it fixed because this is another reason why your refrigerator is not cooling. Make sure it is properly closed by either adjusting the hinges or changing the set altogether.


2. The Fridge Is Too Cold

Sometimes, the opposite problem can occur when the temperature is set too low. The fridge becomes cold due to other reasons like a malfunction with the damper or the control boards. In this situation, we find that the fridge gets too cold and freeze the food, especially those kept in the non-freezer compartments.

Some of the reasons why the fridge gets too cold are-

  • Thermostat Setting

Imagine the opposite situation from the one mentioned above. When the thermostat is set on high, the fridge consumes more energy and tries to cool down. But if kept in this position for too long, the food in the refrigerator will start to freeze. Follow the steps mentioned above to solve this problem.

  • Thermistor

The control board controls the working of the fan motors and the compressors, but it is the thermistor that the necessary information for the control board to operate. So, if the thermistor cannot read the temperature accurately, the cooling capacity of the fridge is affected. A multimeter can be used to do the reading, and if there is a discontinuity in the voltage, then replace the thermistor.

  • Control Board

This is what controls the function of the other components in a fridge so, if this gets damaged, you can imagine what would happen. However, the control board does not get damaged quickly, so check if the other components are defective before replacing the main control board.


3. Formation Of Ice Or Frost


If you have an old fridge with frost formation in the compartments, it is high time you discharge that refrigerator and buy a new one because its life is over.

Some reasons for frost formation include: –

  • Too Close To The Wall

Air will not circulate or dissipate properly if the fridge is too close to the wall. Give it more breathing space, and it should solve your problem.

  • Vents Are Clogged

Similarly, if the vents at the bottom of the fridge are blocked due to dirt, there won’t be any smooth airflow. Clean the vents and ducts, and you are good to go!

  • The Freezer Drain Is Clogged

If you find this problem mainly in the freezer, then check the freezer drain. If this drain is clogged, ice will build up in the freezer compartment. The only way you can unclog this at home is by pouring hot water into the drain till you find it smoothly flowing into the pan kept below. However, before you do this, kindly remove the plug for your safety.


4. Leaks And Water Puddles

Water leakage is another common refrigerator problem that you need to avoid not to slip and fall! Most of the time, the reason for water leaks is pretty straightforward. So, we can easily fix them.

Some of the reasons for the fridge leaking water are: –

  • Defrost Drain Is Frozen Or Clogged

If the defrost drain is either frozen or clogged, the water has no choice but to overflow into the compartments, which might later leak onto the floor. If this happens, wash away the dirt or defrost it using hot water.

  • Water Tank Assembly

There is also a chance for the leak to be from the water tank. If the water tank has holes, then replace it! No matter how big or small the hole is, do not fix it with glue or cello tape.

  • Water Inlet Valve

The water inlet valve is used to supply water to the ice machine and the dispenser. At times, this valve might be cracked or even loosely fitted. If broken, then replace it and make sure it is tightly secured.

  • Water Filter

Both the head of the filter and the water filter housing can have cracks and tears. Like the solution mentioned above, if the water filter is damaged, then you should replace it. While replacing it, make sure the water filter is fitted correctly into the water filter housing to avoid leaks.

  • Drain Pan

The water collected in the drain pan usually evaporates within a short period. But, if there is a crack in the drain pan, then the water will drip down and cause a mess on the floor. Again, all we can do is replace the drain pan.


5. The Water Dispenser Is Not Working

Fridge Water Dispenser

Most modern refrigerators have a water dispenser attached to the appliance. Even though this is highly convenient for us, it can cause many problems and sometimes even stop working.

Some of the reasons for the dispenser to work are: –

  • Water Tube Is Frozen

If the tube that supplies the water is frozen, then the water dispenser will not function. To know whether the pipe is frozen, disconnect the water supply tube and try blowing through it. If you can’t blow air smoothly, then the tube is frozen. The water tube freezers when the freezer compartment is not maintaining the temperature range (0 to 5 degrees F)

  • Water Inlet Valve

If the water inlet valve is damaged, then there will be hindrances in the water flow. Another reason for the water dispenser not working is when the inlet valve’s water pressure is less than 20psi. Check the continuity using a multimeter so you know if the valve should be replaced.


6. Ice Maker Is Not Working

Along with the water dispenser, ice makes are also found in most of the new refrigerators.

If the ice maker stops working, see if it is due to the problems listed below.

  • The Freezer Temperature Is Too High

The freezer needs to maintain the optimum temperature, i.e., 0 to 5 degrees F. If it is too cold or hot, the ice maker will not function.

  • Water Filter

Make sure the water filter is not clogged or frozen since this can hinder water flow to the ice maker.

  • Ice Maker Assembly

The ice maker assembly is the one that facilitates the ice-making process. Even if one of the components of an ice maker assembly is malfunctioning, then the whole system will stop working. The downside is that you will have to replace the entire unit since parts are not sold individually.

  • Water Inlet Valve

If the water inlet valve has problems, neither the water dispenser nor the ice maker will work. Follow the steps mentioned above to see if the problem is with the valve. Also, if the water pressure is too low, the water can leak into the ice maker.


7. The Refrigerator Isn’t Working After Transporting It

Refrigerator Isn't Working After Transporting It

Did you recently shift and find your refrigerator not working after that? Well, this is not a very uncommon thing. It isn’t working because the lubricant in the compressor moves into the cooling pipes. When you run the fridge without the lubricant in the compressor, the compressor will get damaged, and the fridge will not work. So, while transporting, make sure you keep the fridge upright.


8. Continuously Cycling Or Running

If the refrigerator cycles or runs continuously, a lot of noise is produced, which can be extremely disturbing. This can also be the reason why your electricity bill is always too high.

Check if the reason for your noisy fridge is one of the reasons given below.

  • Fan Blade

You might want to check whether the evaporate fan and the condenser fan are in proper working condition. Ensure it is not dirty, it doesn’t rub on the wall, and nothing else hinders the smooth flow. In case the fans are defective, then you should replace them.

  • Compressor

If the compressor has any damaged components, then it tends to be noisy. It also becomes noisy when it has exceeded its life. You will need to call for professional help if the compressor has a problem.

  • Water Inlet Valve

If the water inlet valve has problems, neither the water dispenser nor the ice maker will work. Follow the steps mentioned above to see if the problem is with the valve. Also, if the water pressure is too low, the water can leak into the ice maker.


Also Read:

How To Defrost A Refrigerator And Clean?

How To Check The Refrigerator Compressor?

Best Refrigerator Under 20000



Most of the time, the problems associated with your refrigerator are once you can solve them independently. Some of the most common ones are problems with the cooling of the fridge or freezer, when it is too cold and forms frost, issues with the water dispenser and icemaker, etc. However, if you think you cannot solve it yourself, then call for professional help.

Have you experienced any other problems with your refrigerator? Do let us know in the comment section below.

Founder at Best Indian | Website | + posts

I am tech writer who is passionate about technology and spearheads the core writing team on tech news

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