Acne | Symptoms and Causes

Common in adolescence, acne has several causes and can continue into adulthood. At the end, who has never gone through the uncomfortable moment of waking up and seeing that inflammation on the face, however small, seems to take over the entire look.

Find out what the difference is between acne and pimple and why the problem occurs.

Both terminologies represent the same pathology. Thus, acne is the scientific name of the problem.

While pimple is the most popular term, it is usually related to isolated cases.

Inflammation only appears in oily skin and usually has its first signs in adolescence. Male hormones, present in both men and women, stimulate excessive secretion from the sebaceous glands.


What is Acne?

What is Acne

Accused by an excess of oil, acne is the lesion caused by the increase of sebum in the sebaceous glands, which, when clogged, are susceptible to the proliferation of bacteria, which cause comedones in the skin popularly known as blackheads.

When the glands become inflamed, the infamous pimples appear, classified according to the inflammation of the skin.

Thus, the oil cannot flow naturally, and, together with the cellular debris, they cover the pores forming blackheads. In adulthood, acne can also appear, especially in women, often associated with hormonal changes.

Medications to treat pimples, or acne, help control excessive sebum production by the skin, prevent the development of bacteria or reduce inflammation, directly contributing to reducing the number of pimples.

Other reasons for the cause of acne:

  • Oily products such as bronzers and other cosmetics
  • The use of cortisone
  • Use of B complex and excess iodine
  • Hormonal disorders and polycystic ovaries
  • Emotional tensions


Degrees of acne

The first-degree acne is when the patient has blackheads; the latter, pimples inflamed with pus.

Acne of the third degree manifests itself with internal pimples; the fourth, with nails and thorns, joined, forming channels; and, finally, the fifth, appears suddenly, accompanied by fever, leukocytosis, joint pain, among other symptoms.

Considering the discomfort and even possible problems related to self-image, seeking treatment from the onset of symptoms is an important measure,

also because it reduces the chances of the patient having scars on the skin.


How to prevent and care?

How to prevent and care

The simplest way to prevent the appearance of comedones on the skin is to keep it clean. Thus, wash your face twice a day, in addition to keeping the body clean with frequent baths.

This method is effective as this inflammation occurs due to excess sebum (caused by dirt and grease on the skin).

Another essential detail is to keep the skin hydrated since our body generates fat to make up for its lack; if we wash our face frequently and do not hydrate it somehow, the body will produce fat for this to happen.

Keeping hands clean and away from the face is another crucial step in prevention. The dirt and bacteria that contract our hands are transferred to the front, contributing to the proliferation of bacteria on the show.

Drinking plenty of water, using sunscreen, eating less oil, and keeping your hair away from your face are also part of the fight against acne.

Options for treating acne

In addition to conventional remedies, some homemade recipes also contribute to good results in acne treatment, such as baking soda and even mint tea.

They usually generate spots on the skin that can take a long time to disappear. Some homemade mask options can reduce skin imperfections, such as clay- and yogurt-based masks.

There are also specific devices for acne treatment that help cure and leave the skin cleaner, such as the anti-acne pen, phototherapy for the face, treatment of pimples, inflammations, spots, etc., blackheads.

DC 300 LED Light Therapy: Radiantly beautiful skin without annoying pimples, blemishes, and wrinkles; who wouldn’t like it?

With Medisana’s new beauty light therapy, you can get closer to this desire because light therapy is an anti-acne treatment offered in dermatological consultations.

Medisana’s new DC 300 LED light therapy pen is, therefore, a professional beauty treatment at home. Its effectiveness is based on the interaction of red and blue light rays that gently penetrate the skin and complement each other perfectly.


2 in 1: The new therapy pen is a light therapy product in a practical form.

The certified medical product offers two different therapies in a single device: blue light is used to improve acne, red light supports skin rejuvenation and reduces the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines.

Effective results: An application of twice five minutes a day has already been shown to be effective. Thus, individual acne pimples can be treated quickly and precisely, not only in young people who suffer from impure facial skin.

Lightweight and easy to handle: Lightweight and manageable, the DC 300 LED light therapy pen is perfect for use on the road or when traveling and saves space in your bathroom.

Especially practical: The light therapy pen automatically turns off after five minutes.

Another product that we want to highlight is the Xiaomi In Face Blackhead Detector Pore Cleaner.


Deep cleaning; eliminates acne and blackheads.

Xiaomi is already making it clear that nothing worries it more than the state of health and hygiene of its customers, so it makes available all these fascinating devices at more than competitive prices.

So, to its extensive catalog of personal care, this blackhead remover Xiaomi In Face Blackhead Removal has been added, which eliminates both acne and pimples comfortably and safely for your skin.

This deep cleaning is possible thanks to incorporating a powerful suction system, forgetting to nail your nails, or other tools leaving your skin marked.

Just bring it closer to the imperfection you want to remove, and your Xiaomi blackhead sucker will take care of the rest.

Also, this deep pore cleansing is ensured through its three suction modes, choosing the one that best suits your skin type.

  • LOW mode: Soft suction, ideal for dry or delicate skin
  • MID: Suction with moderate force, suitable for combination skin
  • HIGH mode: Strong suction, suitable for oily skin

Despite following this guide by skin type, we also recommend that you try the device to check which model is suitable for your skin.

Now you know a little more about acne and how to take care of your skin, and the treatments you can do to improve your skin.

It is always important to visit a dermatologist to evaluate your skin type.

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